Management Concept And Organizational Behavior In Hindi
- Organizational Behavior Concepts
- Organizational Behavior Meaning
- Management Concept And Organizational Behavior In Hindi Pdf
Motivation and Organizational Theory
Though we have discussed motivation extensively earlier, the role of the HR department and the role of the organizational culture in motivating employees have not been discussed at length. As organizational theory states, employees need to be motivated to actualize their potential and there are several ways of enabling them and empowering them to do so. These include the role of reward systems in motivating employees according to their needs for extrinsic or external motivation and by providing them opportunities that appeal to their intrinsic or internal motivation needs. The other factors that motivate employees are the kind of job that they are asked to perform, the added benefits like extended vacations and perquisites like company provided accommodation and funding for kids schooling as well as provision of medical insurance coverage for the employees and their families. In recent years, there has been lot of emphasis on motivating employees by organizing offsite events and fun and recreation events where the employees let their hair down and indulge in the much-needed stress relieving activities. Further, many employees are motivated because of the presence of famous business leaders in the top management of the company as is the case with Apple, Microsoft, Infosys, and the TATA Group.
Some Factors that can Motivate Employees
Before beginning to discuss about the importance of organizational behaviour let us first understand the concept of organizational behavior. The first and foremost importance of organizational behavior lies in understanding human behavior. If the management can interpret properly the human needs within an organization, it can work towards. Organizational Behavior Concepts - Learn Organizational Behavior starting from Introduction, Determinants, Concepts, Scope, Functions of a Manager, Models, Learning.
The organizational structure is another aspect that can motivate employees. For instance, it has been found that flat organizations as opposed to hierarchical organizations motivate employees more. Next, the organizational culture plays an important role in motivating employees. The examples of Google, Facebook, and startup companies where the organizational culture is open and collegiate are relevant in this regard. Third, the HR managers have an important role to play in motivating employees by interacting with them, finding their grievances, and proposing solutions to behavioral problems. There are many multinationals like Fidelity where the HR managers hold one on one sessions with the employees to foster an open and inclusive culture where employees do not hold anything back and where they are encouraged to be as forthright as possible. Fourth, organizations that promote diversity as an organizational imperative are known to motivate women employees who feel less threatened and less insecure than in organizations where bias and prejudice are rampant. Fifth, many organizations have the habit of saying one thing and doing something else altogether which means that they are hypocritical in their approach. Such organizations cannot motivate the employees particularly at the lower levels since the fresh recruits and those with less experience often look to the senior managers and the leadership for integrity and consistency.
Management Concepts and Organizational Behavior is a generic course which provides insights about managing organizations of different types. This can be studied by all those who have to take managerial decisions and to deal with people. Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour Unit – I Nature of Management - Social Responsibili Ties of Business. Achieve organizational goals by enabling others to perform rather than performing the tasks themselves. Dissimilarities in the behavior pattern are so obvious that standard. Fundamental Concepts of Organizational Behavior and related theories. Rahul's Noteblog Notes on Organizational Behavior Fundamental Concepts of Organizational Behavior. Fundamental Concepts of Organizational Behavior: The basic fundamental concepts of organizational behavior revolve around the nature of people and the organization.
Salary and Benefits are not the only Motivators
Having covered the various aspects of how the organizations can motivate the employees, it needs to be mentioned that mere reliance on salary and benefits cannot motivate employees completely. With the advent of the software and services sector, the attraction of being sent onsite has become an important motivator for the employees who when given the chance to go onsite ramp up on their performance noticeably. Apart from this, the fact that the brand image of the organization makes a lot of difference to the motivation levels of the employees is another factor. For instance, many graduates have their own preferences for dream companies or companies that they would like to work in after graduation. This important motivator attracts the best talent to those companies that are often viewed as the benchmark for industry peers. Of course, if the image does not meet up to reality or if the hype is without substance, many employees lose motivation to work in such companies.
Finally, as discussed above, there is no set formula on what organizations can do or cannot do to motivate the employees. The best approach would be to let employees find their own niche within the organization and let them actualize their potential instead of forcing them to do work that is not to their liking. Apart from this, many industry veterans are also of the view that employees have to find their company that suits them and hence, clinging on to jobs that do not motivate them is counterproductive.
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Authorship/Referencing - About the Author(s)
- 1 The Seven Characteristics of Rational Social Organization
- 2 The Importance of Social Service Staff Development
- 3 The Difference Between Task Leadership & Social Leadership
- 4 Self-Efficacy Theory in the Workplace
Motivating employees to complete their work correctly and on time is one of the major tasks of management. Changing an employee's perception of his place within a company is sometimes an effective way of improving organizational behavior constructively. Employees who perceive that they have a greater control over their work lives will likely be more motivated to excel within the organizational structure.
Organizational Behavior Concepts
Social perception, or the way one individual views others, affects behavior within an organization. Management expert Joseph Champoux writes in his book 'Organizational Behavior' that an individual's social perception can be described in terms of a 'target,' or what is being perceived, and a 'stimulus threshold,' a certain level of information that must be received in order to make a perceptive assumption on an individual, work process or any other target. Wrongful social perceptions, such as fundamental attribution error that arises when one person mistakes another person's characteristics as the cause of a negative event, can lead to problems in organizational behavior.
Perceptions Affecting Motivation
Organizational Behavior Meaning
A worker's social perception of others within the organization can affect his motivation to complete work effectively to a large degree. Motivation within an organization remains high if a worker perceives that there are opportunities for personal development or professional advancement, if he feels capable of completing tasks correctly and is involved with various organizational decision-making and goal-setting processes. Motivation can be reduced if the worker perceives a lack of opportunity for growth, a lack of involvement or a lack of opportunities to demonstrate any creativity. This holds true in volunteer organizations as well, as described in Miami University's student leadership material, 'Why Volunteers/Group Members Lose Interest.'
Changing Perceptions to Improve Motivation
Worker output and motivation can be affected by changing the working conditions that are causing negative organizational behaviors. Reducing the size of work groups may allow an employee to feel as though he has a greater input in the work output. Providing time for easy social interaction can improve social intimacy among coworkers and help produce a camaraderie that improves work interactions. Managers must work hard to control their own perceptions of their employees, withholding their own evaluative judgments until they gain adequate information about an employee's work performance.
Management Concept And Organizational Behavior In Hindi Pdf
Perceived Public Service Efficacy
A 2008 paper published by the American Review of Public Administration introduced the concept of perceived public service efficacy to describe the way an employee's perception of his work can affect work motivation and organizational behavior. According to co-authors Craig Boardman and Eric Sundquist, when employees perceive that their work benefits the general public, reports of both job satisfaction and organizational commitment increase. A 'Type Z' organization, or an organization which is concerned with both business growth and social concerns, typically has a high degree of perceived public service efficacy.
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